INTRODUCTION TO MPUMALANGA PROVINCE
Mpumalanga, the second-smallest province in South Africa after Gauteng, is located in the north-eastern part of the country, bordering Swaziland and Mozambique to the east. It also borders Limpopo, Gauteng, Free State and KwaZulu-Natal Provinces within South Africa. It covers an area of 76 495 km² and has a population of over four million, making it the sixth most populous region in the country. It is situated mainly on the high plateau grasslands of the Middleveld, which roll eastwards for hundreds of kilometres. In the north-east, it rises towards mountain peaks and terminates in an immense escarpment. In some places, this escarpment plunges hundreds of metres down to the low-lying area known as the Lowveld.
Mbombela (previously Nelspruit) is the capital of the province and the administrative and business centre of the Lowveld. Other major cities and towns include eMalahleni (previously Witbank), Standerton, eMkhondo (previously Piet Retief), Malelane, Ermelo, Barberton and Sabie.
The best-performing sectors in the province include mining, manufacturing and services. Tourism and agro-processing are potential growth sectors. Agriculture in Mpumalanga is characterised by a combination of commercialised farming, subsistence and livestock farming, and emerging crop farming. Crops such as subtropical fruits, nuts, citrus, cotton, tobacco, wheat, vegetables, potatoes, sunflowers and maize are produced in the region.
Mpumalanga is rich in coal reserves and home to South Africa’s major coal-fired power stations. eMalahleni is the biggest coal producer in Africa and is also the site of the country’s second oil-from-coal plant after Sasolburg. Most of the manufacturing production in Mpumalanga occurs in the southern Highveld region. In the Lowveld sub-region, industries are concentrated around the manufacturing of products from agricultural and raw forestry material.
Mpumalanga is divided into three district municipalities, which are further subdivided into 18 local municipalities.
Mining in Mpumalanga – Source: http://www.projectsiq.co.za
MPUMALANGA MUNICIPAL AREAS
Ehlanzeni District Municipality: The district is comprised of five local municipalities. Mbombela (previously Nelspruit) is the capital of Mpumalanga, situated in the Mbombela Local Municipality, which is also the home of the Mpumalanga Provincial Government and, as a result, is the most concentrated economic hub within the province.
It features three border gates to both Swaziland and Mozambique (Matsamo, Komatipoort and Mananga border gates) and, therefore, movement of people from neighbouring countries to the district, and from Gauteng to either Swaziland or Mozambique, creates a catalyst for the economic life of the area.
Cities/Towns: Barberton • Emoyeni • Entokozweni • Graskop • Hazyview • Kaapschehoop • Kabokweni • Kanyamazane • Komatipoort • Luphisi • Lydenburg • Malelane • Marloth Park • Mashishing • Matsulu • Mbombela (Nelspruit) • Mpakeni • Msogwaba • Ngodwana • Pilgrim’s Rest • Sabie • Sabie Park • Skukuza • Tekwane • White River
Gert Sibande District Municipality: The district is comprised of seven local municipalities. It is bordered by the City of Ekurhuleni Metro to the west and Sedibeng District Municipality to the south-west (both in the Gauteng province), northern Free State and Thabo Mofutsanyana District Municipality to the south-east (both in the Free State province), Ehlanzeni District Municipality to the north-east and Nkangala District Municipality to the north (both in the Mpumalanga province), Amajuba and Zululand District Municipalities in the KwaZulu-Natal province to the south-east, and Swaziland to the east. It is the largest of the three districts in the Mpumalanga province.
Highways that pass through Gert Sibande District Municipality include the N11, which goes through to the N2 in KwaZulu-Natal, the N17 from Gauteng passing through to Swaziland, and the N3 from Gauteng to KwaZulu-Natal.
Cities/Towns: Amersfoort • Amsterdam • Balfour • Bethal • Breyten • Carolina • Charl Cilliers • Chrissiesmeer • Davel • Ekulindeni • eManzana • Embalenhle • eMkhondo (previously Piet Retief) • Empuluzi • Ermelo • Evander • Greylingstad • Grootvlei • Kinross • Leandra • Lothair • Morgenzon • Perdekop • Secunda • Standerton • Trichardt • Volksrust • Wakkerstroom
Steenkampsberg in the Dullstroom region
Nkangala District Municipality: The district is comprised of six local municipalities with its district headquarters in Middelburg (Steve Tshwete Local Municipality). It is also responsible for the Mdala District Management Area.
Nkangala is at the economic hub of Mpumalanga, and is rich in minerals and natural resources. One of the strengths of the district is the Maputo Corridor, which brings increased potential for economic growth and tourism development.
The proximity to Gauteng opens up opportunities to a larger market, which is of benefit to the district’s agricultural and manufacturing sectors. The further potential inherent in exporting goods provides opportunities that need to be investigated.
Cities/Towns: Delmas • Dullstroom • eMakhazeni • eMalahleni (previously Witbank) • Emgwenya (previously Waterval Boven) • eNtokozweni (previously Machadodorp) • Hendrina • Kriel • KwaMhlanga • Mdala Nature Reserve • Middelburg • Ogies • Phola • Pullen’s Hope • Rietkuil
Source: Information extracted from http://www.localgovernment.co.za